Monumental architecture is a structure that captivates the minds of the viewers by evoking a feeling of enchantment. It evokes emotions such as transcendence, reverence and awe.
In ancient civilizations, large human made structures of stone or earth were commonly used as public buildings and spaces for religious, social and political purposes. These structures were a manifestation of the rise and strength of a state.
The earliest monumental constructions were the temples of Mesopotamia, built during the ubaid period, between 5300 and 3600 b.c. These were made of low platforms, carved out of rock, supported by thin walls.
These were built to represent the gods and praising them was an important part of the culture. Eventually, these temples were made into pyramids and these are some of the largest structures ever built for over 3000 years.
Greek architectural style is divided into three main periods: the geometric and orientalizing period, the archaic period, and the classical period. The archaic period began after the persian wars that took place from 475 b.c to 323 b.c. This period is known for the development of a doric and ionic order of columns.
The monuments of minoan crete differ from those of pharaonic egypt in their socio-political structures and distinct styles. These architectures are a reflection of the differences in the values that these societies held and were characterized by an integration of both secular and spiritual authority.