What is Piling in Construction?

February 11, 2024

When working on a construction project, it’s always important to understand the basics. Piling is one of those basic fundamentals; it’s a construction technique that sets deep foundations for any kind of structure.

Piling is used when the soil’s natural bearing capacity is deemed insufficient for the structural load of heavy construction work. This is because piles are able to transfer the load to the stable ground found at a specified depth.

There are several different types of piles and the specific one used for a particular engineering or construction project depends on the soil conditions and load-bearing requirements. For example, end-bearing piles are designed to transfer loads from the bottom of the pile directly to a deeper layer of strong soil or rock, so they are a good option for sites with particularly thick layers of hard material.

Other pile types include friction piles, which are driven or drilled into the ground and rely on skin friction to transfer the load. Friction piles are a good choice for sandy or silty soils because they are able to penetrate these materials more easily than conventional foundations.

In terms of larger projects, piles are typically used to build bridges and large-scale buildings, but they can also be utilised for smaller structures like houses. They are a popular option for building foundations because they’re cost-effective and can be installed quickly and efficiently using specialised machinery. They’re also a great way to strengthen existing structures, such as underpinning an existing building that needs strengthening.


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