There are several reasons why your car may make a grinding noise when put into reverse. These include low or contaminated transmission fluid, worn out clutch or gear components, and worn out brake pads or rotors. It is important to diagnose and address the problem promptly to avoid further damage to the braking system or other components of the vehicle.
The main function of the automatic transmission is to transfer power from the engine to the wheels. Each gear has a set of teeth that mesh with the teeth on the other gears to create a smooth, efficient power transfer. When the gear teeth become worn, chipped, or misaligned they will begin to rub against each other and create a grinding noise. The best way to avoid this is by regularly checking and refilling the transmission fluid to ensure it is at the proper level.
The most common cause of a grinding noise when putting your car into reverse is worn brake pads or rotors. If the rotor is not correctly aligned with the brake pads, the disc will heat up and deform, creating a scraping or grinding noise when the brakes are applied. In this case, the rotor or brake pads will need to be replaced.
A grinding sound when putting the car into reverse can indicate that the clutch shifter or pressure plate are not disengaging completely. You can check this by turning on the engine and pressing the clutch pedal all the way down to feel if it is engaging fully. If it is, you can try to solve the issue by adjusting the shift linkage or changing the clutch pressure plate.